• Diwakkar Kukretii

Real sense of Capacity Building could play a crucial role in Paradigm Shift

Capacity building/training has become very popular element for the two three decades and widely used by public sector, private sector and the civil societies. Though it is a comprehensive & broader terminology however in spoken language it is commonly used with education & training. There is minor difference between education and training; for instance training refers to an act of inculcating specific skills in a person whereas education is all about gaining theoretical knowledge in the classroom or in any institution. Training is a way to develop specific skills, whereas education is a typical system of learning. Now we need to understand the learning. Learning can be micro or macro, depends upon the mechanism developed by the person, group or the institutions responsible for enhancing learning of the learner. Earlier times, when the concepts of Gurukul were in prevalence, child used to go Gurukul till he completes his twenty five years of age for enhancing the learning mainly in two areas; One is techniques of self defense and operating of arms. Two the entire life science and the encyclopedia of earlier times. It has always been considered that facilitating the learning can be carried out by formally qualified people. This practice was challenged by Paulo Freire, a Brazilian philosopher to his government during seventies. When he came up with a lot of his research work and said, “An illiterate farmer can be a good trainer, educationist” . That time Banking school concepts were very popular and were considered that highly qualified people could ensure teaching and learning of the learner. By the time, theory given by Paulo Freire had become popular in the groups of civil societies. The terminology “participation” was very crucial and important for initiating of any process or activity. This was come out of the theory of Paulo Freire. Then participatory training and capacity building came into being which has been widely used by the public private sectors and the civil societies. Now it has been used by common people. Capacity building is not complete unless it works on three major learning areas of learner-

  1. Knowledge/information

  2. Skills

  3. Attitude

Majority of the groups of trainers/educationists, institutions mainly work in the area of knowledge giving or enhancing information. A few of them work in the area of enhancing skills also however negligible such institutions work in the area of changing attitudes which is the most challenging area of the capacity building.

All the above areas, do contribute in making our inner self or inner personality. This inner self reflects in our behavior or in our outer self. The way we dress up, the colors we like, our gesture our posture, are the out-comes of our inner selves. This can be seen through following picture. This theory talks about the four parts of our selves. Only thing we need to do is, to increase the best self out of the picture.


Capacitating the mass across the global boundaries is the crucial need of the day. Group of people, institutions, civil societies, policy makers need to develop capacity building strategies in such fashion so that the same could address the real needs come out of three major elements, “knowledge, Skills and attitudes”. Success of major policies, flagships and missions of the day, more or less depends on behavioral change which ultimately possible if above three elements are kept in mind while envisaging strategies.

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